A universal skin problem that affects sufferers’ self-esteem.
Acne is formed by a collection of sebum (oil), bacteria and dead cells trapped in the lining of the hair follicle (skin pore). Normally the lining of the hair follicle sheds a layer of dead skin cells at regular intervals. Secretions from the sebaceous gland in the skin push the dead skin cells to the surface.
When excessive oil is being produced however, the dead cells will clump together, forming a block at the opening of the hair follicle. When bacteria, which naturally occurs within the hair follicle, starts to break down the material accumulated within the clogged pore, irritating fatty acids are produced. This will cause pressure to build up within the pore, and the pore will be swollen. Redness and inflammation also occur in response to the infection thus causing an acne to form. If mishandled unprofessionally, it will break out of the hair follicle to infect neighbouring skin.